Introduction: Drawings is a graphic language that engineers use as a communication tool in the field of engineering design and manufacturing lies in preparing the necessary plans for the development, manufacture and implementation of any project. Engineers know all the languages in the world, and the more details and the more comprehensive the plans are, the fewer mistakes we will fall into, so we need plans that are stronger than clever design and perhaps better, and drawing is an important part in modern industry because plans and designs are the only way to explain and clarify the ideas of the engineer and the painter.
- First: the mistakes made in the Arab world, especially the plans, the experience of Germany and America
- Second: claims are a result of errors in the plans
- Third: the importance of the plans and the importance of the general site plan
- Fourth: types of charts
- Fifth: the principles and basics of structural drawing
- Sixth: reading and understanding the charts by the reference or consultant
- Seventh: how to approve the schemes by the reference or consultant
- Eighth: the axes of the columns, the bases, the necks, the spans, and the floor slab
- Ninth: columns, lintels and their details
- Tenth: the cameras and their details
- Eleventh: one-way and two-way solid ceilings and their details
- Twelfth: the ceilings of Alhordi and their details
- Thirteenth: Lakmar ceilings and their details
- Fourteenth: walls and their details
- Fifteenth: stairs and their details
- Sixteenth: workshops are given blueprints and errors are revealed.
- Seventeenth: detect errors in all the drawn elements.
- Eighteen: minimum requirements for structural plans, especially earthquakes